Short Introduction About Makkah
Mecca ( /ˈmɛkə/; Arabic: مكة, Makkah, pronounced [ˈmækkæ]) is a city in the Hejaz and the capital of Makkah province in Saudi Arabia. The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during Hajj period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah.
As the birthplace of Muhammad (S.A.W) and a site of the composition of the Quran, Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. The Hijaz was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger empires. It was absorbed into Saudi Arabia in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure. Because of this, Mecca has lost many thousand-year-old buildings and archaeological sites.Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj.As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan and diverse cities in the Muslim world, although non-Muslims remain prohibited from entering the city.
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Hadith About Makkah
Abu Tharr I said, “O Messenger of Allaah, which Masjid was built on the Earth first?”He said, “ Al-Masjid al-Haraam " I asked, “Then which?” He replied, “ Al-Masjid al-Aqsaa ” I then asked, “How much time was between the two?” He said, “Forty years, ” and he added,“ Wherever you are when the time arrives for Salaah , perform it there because doing so is best.
Abu Hurayrah : The Prophet (PBUH) said, “ A journey should not be undertaken except to three mosques: this Masjid of mine, al-Masjid al-Haraam , and Masjid al-Aqsaa .
Ibn Maajah , Ahmad
Jaabir : the Messenger of Allah said, “ One Salah in my Masjid is better than one thousand Salah anywhere else except al-Masjid al-Haraam . One Salah in al-Masjid al- Haraam is better than one hundred thousand Salah anywhere else.”